If you are having trouble and difficulty getting pregnant, the best place to start is with a semen analysis. Just because a man is struggling with reproduction doesn’t mean it’s necessarily his fault—research has shown that infertility in men and women can sometimes be attributable to either partner.
Depending on the results of your test, there are many treatment options for male infertility possible that should help give you and your wife more peace of mind.
Male infertility can be tested by performing a semen analysis on a sample of ejaculate. The male infertility test looks at several reproductive factors including sperm count, sperm motility, and sperm morphology. Adverse results could be the result of an underlying problem with either sperm production or delivery due to obstruction or another medical condition.
This test helps define male infertility with accuracy because standardization has been implemented and allows for more accurate calculations to be made determining whether there is reduced amount of viable spermatozoa in ejaculate.
Volume measures the amount of a man’s ejaculate in milliliters. The World Health Organization regards 1.5 milliliters (ml) as the lower recommendation limit and everythingbetween 1.5 and 5 ml as normal volume for considered normal Low volumes could specify a prejudiced or complete blockage or dysfunction in the seminal vesicles or seminal ducts which carry sperm from the mid-section of seminal ducts to the prostate gland.
Sperm density refers to how much sperms are present in the sperm of a man’s ejaculate WHO consideration a sperm count of 15 million/ml or above to be sufficient. Lower numbers may announce that the gonad are not producing sperm the way they should, Oligozoospermia, indicating, a sign of male infertility.
Total Sperm Count
Total sperm count is a compilation of all the sperm cells in each ejaculate. A healthy male will have more than 500 million sperm cells per ejaculate by the World Health Organization.
Sperm motility measures the motion of the sperm (how much sperm exhibited forward movement). In order for a man to father a child through his own scrotum, at least 40% of his sperm have to be moving. This is an important part of measurement with regard to male fertility as it has been found that this percentage is greatly affected by toxins in the body like exposure to alcohol, cigarette smoke and certain chemicals or even certain hobbies and jobs.
If a varicocele (varicose veins in the scrotum) is present it can also affect motility because it increases temperature and therefore makes scrotum production less efficient.
Sperm geomorphologic refers to the shape of the sperm. The percentage of normally shaped sperm is evaluated to determine male fertility, and it is usually associated with successful conception. In most cases, men who have low numbers of normal-shaped sperm are at increased risk of IVF.
pH levels measure the acidity in vaginal discharge. WHO criteria specify normal as between 3-4.9. But if it’s too acidic (washes out the sperm) or too alkaline (neutriﬁes the egg), then this is a fertility issue for your sperm and eggs. You may want to look into these numbers for yourself!
Normal semen contains fructose to provide energy for sperm cells. Absence of fructose may indicate a problem with seminal vesicles.